a cashflow forecast attempts to predict "whether the sales or income you forecast will cover the costs of operation. They also allow you to analyze whether a project will be sufficiently profitable to justify the effort put into it."
the time value of money and related analytics likeDCF (used to model cashflow in stable businesses with stable competition, often used byMBAs to assess share values and byventure capitalists in bargaining downentrepreneurs convinced of a generally higher value for shares
the BCG growth-share matrix which attempts to identify cash-rich opportunities, so-called cash cow business, that will decline over time, vs. others that have poor cashflow now but great growth potential
relatively in competitor analysis, to determine which of several competitors could outlast the other in a bidding war, market capture or legal conflict